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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張四立(1988),”我國油品訂價政策”,經濟前瞻,第10號,頁62-67。
  2. 郭家瑋(2008),油價調整機制之福利分析-以台灣為例,國立中興大學應用經濟學所碩士論文。
  3. 黃乙倫(2007),浮動油價機制對台灣汽柴油市場之影響-系統動態方法之應用,國立成功大學資源工程研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃仕翰(2007),寡占業者聯合行為之研究-以中油、台塑個案為例,國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  5. Altomonte, H. and J. Rogat (2003) “Fuel pricing policies in South America and Mexico,” Economic Commission for Latin America and Caribbean.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭焜鴻(2013)。我國油價決策對油品市場之影響。成功大學資源工程學系學位論文。2013。1-96。 
  2. 趙偉佑(2017)。國中體育教師外表吸引力與教學效能對學生上體育課動機之影響。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2017。1-62。
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