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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. Arico, A. S., Srinivasan, S., and Antonucci, V., Fuel Cells, Vol. 1, p. 133 (2001).
  2. 9. V.S. Silva, A. Mendesa, L.M. Madeira, S.P. Nunes, “Proton exchange membranes for direct methanol fuel cells: Properties critical study concerning methanol crossover and proton conductivity”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 276, pp. 126–134 (2006).
  3. 10. 林彥君,“奈米複合觸媒於質子交換型燃料電池之應用”,國立 中央大學化學研究所碩士論文(2006)。
  4. 11. S. B. Beale, “ Calculation procedure for mass transfer in fuel cells ”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 128, pp. 185-192 (2004).
  5. 12. A. Oedegaard, C. Hebling, A. Schmitz, S. Møller-Holst, R. Tunold, “ Influence of diffusion layer properties on low temperature DMFC ”, Journal of Power Sources , Vol. 127, pp. 187-196 (2004).
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊舒茵(2009)。王文興小說中現代主義特色之演進。臺灣大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2009。1-142。 
  2. 曾月卿(2003)。舞鶴的小說美學。成功大學台灣文學系學位論文。2003。1-198。
  3. 朱芳玲(2006)。被壓抑的台灣現代性:六O年代台灣現代主義小說對現代性的追求與反思。臺灣師範大學國文學系學位論文。2006。1-420。
  4. 劉采榆(2006)。叛逆者或改革者?--王文興小說研究。政治大學國文教學碩士學位班學位論文。2006。1-254。
  5. 侯裕姫(2008)。篡弒與救贖、重逢與承擔──台灣六0年代以後小說中的父子關係。臺灣師範大學國文學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-230。
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