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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. American Public Health Association (APHA), 1995. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. APHA, AWWA, and WPCF, Washington, DC.
  2. Anderson, J. M., Chow, W. S. and Goodchild, D. C., 1988. Thylakoid membrane organization in sun/shade acclimation. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 15:11–26.
  3. Avnimelech, Y., Mozes, N., Diab, S., Kochba, M., 1995. Rates of organic carbon and nitrogen degradation in intensive fish ponds. Aquaculture 134: 211-216.
  4. Cardona-Olarte, P., Twilley, R. R., Krauss, K. W. and Rivera-Monroy, V., 2006. Responses of neotropical mangrove seedlings grown in monoculture and mixed culture under treatments of hydroperiod and salinity. Hydrobiologia 569: 325-341.
  5. Chen L. Z., Wang, W. Q. and Lin P., 2005. Photosynthetic and physiological responses of Kandelia candel (L.) Druce seedlings to duration of tidal immersion in artificial seawater. Environmental and Experimental Botany 54: 256–266.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳馨(2008)。1950年代台港現代文學系統關係之研究:以林以亮、夏濟安、葉維廉為例。清華大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2008。1-227。 
  2. 周妙紅(2007)。香港作家鍾曉陽小說研究。中央大學中國文學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-229。
  3. 林昱君(2016)。台灣南部海水養殖場周邊的海綿種類及其共生菌相之研究。中山大學海洋科學系研究所學位論文。2016。1-81。
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