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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仁俊(2005)。住宅街廓用電之研究。博士論文,成功大學。台南市。
  2. 沈如龍(2003)。都市住宅區街廓用電調查研究-以台南市為例。碩士論文,成功大學。台南市。
  3. 林彥光(2006)。都市形態與能源消費之關聯性研究-台灣地區實證分析。碩士論文,長榮大學。台南市。
  4. 林雁婷(2010)。影響家戶能源使用之因素探討-以台南市為例。碩士論文,長榮大學。台南市。
  5. 林憲德、王仁俊、沈如龍、陳建富、邱清泉(2004)。台南市住宅區街廓透天住宅用電解析。都市與計劃,31(3),215-237。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林奉怡(2015)。都市區域建築能源耗用地圖建置方法與應用。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2015。1-60。 
  2. 杜易蒼(2015)。都市密度及開放空間對住宅電力消費之影響-以臺灣都市為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2015。1-61。 
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