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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Grab, D.J. & Kennedy, P.G. Traversal of human and animal trypanosomes across the blood-brain barrier. J Neurovirol 14, 344-351 (2008).
  2. 2. Lundkvist, G.B., Kristensson, K. & Bentivoglio, M. Why trypanosomes cause sleeping sickness. Physiology (Bethesda) 19, 198-206 (2004).
  3. 3. Field, M.C. & Carrington, M. The trypanosome flagellar pocket. Nat Rev Microbiol 7, 775-786 (2009).
  4. 4. Absalon, S., et al. Flagellum elongation is required for correct structure, orientation and function of the flagellar pocket in Trypanosoma brucei. J Cell Sci 121, 3704-3716 (2008).
  5. 5. Dutcher, S.K. Flagellar assembly in two hundred and fifty easy-to-follow steps. Trends Genet 11, 398-404 (1995).
Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅鳳蘭(2012)。臺灣地區客家武術探微。淡江大學歷史學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-200。 
  2. 鍾文昌(2010)。胡錦濤主政時期僑務政策研究(2002-2009)。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-169。 
  3. 鄒素珍(2009)。中共改革開放以來的僑務政策。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-154。 
  4. 吳文武(2006)。馬來西亞華文獨立中學高中統一考試的研究(1975-2005)。淡江大學歷史學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-171。 
  5. 廖良棟(2006)。中共與東協「戰略夥伴關係」之研究。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-125。 
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