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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊大和、謝瓊嬉 (2008),電子業向汽車業取經-精實生產在TFT-LCD產業成功的應用,品質月刊(44:9),頁 59-65,中華民國品質學會。
  2. 楊大和、謝瓊嬉 (2008), 綜觀『精實系統』的原理、工具及組織,品質月刊, 44:11,頁 49-55,中華民國品質學會。
  3. 謝瓊嬉(2010),應用模擬最佳化與價值流圖於精實拉式生產之研究(博士論文),臺南市:國立成功大學製造資訊與系統研究所。
  4. 成沢俊子(2009),李兆華譯,大家來學TPS:豐田改善直達車,臺北市:中衛發展中心。
  5. 下川浩一、藤本隆宏(2005),李朝森譯,豐田系統的原點 : 開拓者口中的起源與進化,臺北市:中衛發展中心。
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