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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳沄蓁,趙淑員(2010)。社區獨居老人的健康需求、需求滿意度及影響因素探討-以彰化縣某鄉鎮為例。弘光學報,63,44-64。
  2. 林淑敏、李宗派(2005)。台中縣社區榮民老人社會支持與生活滿意度之探討。台灣老人保健學刊,1(1),72-87。
  3. 張怡(2003)。影響老人社會參與之相關因素探討。社區發展季刊,103,225-235。
  4. 陳玉敏(2001)。獨居老年人之自我照顧需求。榮總護理,18(3),223-233。
  5. 陳毓璟(2010)。老人寄宿所模式在活力老化學習之成效研究。健康促進與衛生教育學報,33,91-114。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊益源(2009)。東方果實蠅(Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel))雄蟲誘殺效力之評估。中興大學昆蟲學系所學位論文。2009。1-118。 
  2. 李和家(2014)。中高齡者參與樂齡學習對其生活品質提升之研究-以新竹縣市為例。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-195。
  3. 李世仰(2016)。香蕉氣味成分混合含毒甲基丁香油對東方果實蠅誘殺效果評估。中興大學昆蟲學系所學位論文。2016。1-49。
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