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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓揆(1994),醫療品質管理及門診服務品質定性指標,中華公共衛生雜誌,13(1),35-53。
  2. 林芷薐、程建銘、馬志豪(2011),以Kano 二維模型探討醫療服務品質與住院病患滿意度之研究:以中部某區域型醫院為例,修平學報,23,103-132。
  3. 傅鍾仁、張錫惠(2002),我國醫療服務品質滿意度之實證研究,臺灣管理學刊,1(2),317-340。
  4. 陳仁惠、鄭仲興、方世杰(2005),門診醫療服務品質與病患滿意度對於關係導向行為之影響,醫護科技學刊,7(2),187-202。
  5. 陳英傑、陳英豪(2008),應用病患滿意度概念於醫療服務品質之探析,品質月刊,44(5),14-17。
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