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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王虹文(2010)。運用電視國際新聞進行全球教育教學之探討-以國際文化交流
  2. 余鎮綸(2013)。國民中學教科書全球教育概念分析。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  3. 邱卿雲(2008)。公民行動取向全球教育教學方案發展之行動研究:以全球暖化
  4. 周珮儀、鄭明長(2008)。教科書研究方法論之探究。課程與教學季刊,11(1),193-222。
  5. 周珮儀、鄭明長(2011)。我們培育孩子成為全球公民嗎?-從全球教育觀隊國小社會教科書的論述分析。台灣民主季刊,8(1),1-45。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡瓊瑱(2015)。融入全球教育觀點的多元文化藝術課程發展與實施。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-185。
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