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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 謝紹群(2011),中華職棒假球案原因初探,國立台灣大學管理學院商學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 1. Bag,P.K. and B.Saha,2011. “Match-fixing under competitive odds.” Games and Economic Behavior,Vol.73,pp.318–344.
  3. 2. Becker,G.S.,1968. “Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach.” Journal of Political Economy,Vol.76,No.2,pp.169-217.
  4. 3. Eber,N.,2002, “Credibility and Independence of the World Anti-Doping Agency: A Barro-Gordon-Type Approach to Antidoping Policy.” Journal of Sports Economics,Vol.3,No.1,pp. 90-96.
  5. 4. Haugen,K.K.,2004, “The Performance-Enhancing Drug Game.” Journal of Sports Economics,Vol.5,No.1,pp.67-86.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李師賢(2015)。競賽場上的策略行為。中山大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-40。
  2. 蕭嘉興(2015)。六合彩賭博成因及簽賭模式之研究-以嘉義縣個案為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2015。1-112。
  3. 曹惟喬(2016)。競賽場上使用禁藥行為之策略分析。中山大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-32。
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