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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭惠美(1997)。不同型式自我導向學習對高血壓防治知識之效果研究。師大學報:教育類,42(革新版),95-111。
  2. 鄭惠美(2003)。學習者「自我導向學習傾向」與其「健康教室」課程出席狀況之研究。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,(23),15-27。
  3. 蔡承宏、羅仁駿(2008)。臺北市養生運動學員自我導向學習傾向與學習滿意度關係之研究。97年度大專體育學術專刊。139-145。
  4. 陳啟明、梁仲正(2009)。高等回流教育學生自我導向學習之量表建構與自我認知之研究-以某科技大學附設進修學院學生為例。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,23(2),205-230。
  5. 陳茂祥(1999)。意識轉換理論在成人推廣教育的啟示。朝陽學報,4,233-254。
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