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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1.  洪榮志,2007,<自然人憑證政策創新擴散之研究-以北投區稅捐稽徵人員為例>,國 立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學研究所碩士論文。
  2.  財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心,2009,<全球電子化整備發展現況 與趨勢分析>,台北,冠順印刷事業有限公司。
  3.  黃日鉦、林承賢,2012,<以計畫行為理論探討縮短數位落差之持續使用行為>,《商略 學報》,5,1:61-69。
  4.  羅傑帆,2006,<影響自然人憑證使用意願之因素探討>,國立中央大學資訊管理研究 所碩士論文。
  5.  Buurma, H. 2001 “Public Policy Marketing: Marketing Exchange in the Public.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞賢(2015)。以計劃行為理論來研究濕式敷料購買行為。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2015。1-54。
  2. 邱青秀(2016)。國立中山大學學生社團參與行為意向之研究。中山大學公共事務管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-122。
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