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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王燕雀(2011)。合作學習之TGT法應用於國小一年級數學領域之效應(未出版之碩士論文)。私立嶺東科技大學,台中。
  2. 朱經明(2007)。教育及心理統計學。臺北:五南。
  3. 余民寧、韓珮華(2009)。教學方式對數學學習興趣與數學成就之影響:以 TIMSS 2003臺灣資料為例。測驗學刊,56(1),19-48。
  4. 李文益、黃毅志(2004)。文化資本、社會資本與學生成就的關聯性之研究-以台東師院為例。台東大學教育學報,15(2),23-58。
  5. 李君柔、王美娟(2013)。個人特質、家庭環境、教師教學與學校背景對八年級學生數學成就之影響。臺北市立教育大學學報,11(1),51-84。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉麗珠(2016)。協同學習運用於國小六年級數學教學之探究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-156。 
  2. 戚懿德(2016)。使用電子教科書輔助教學對學習成效與學習興趣影響之研究-以國中一年級數學科為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-97。
  3. 吳思傑(2017)。網路使用與英語學習因素之相關性研究-以八年級學生為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-65。
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