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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.李淑萍(2012)。新北市新莊區新住民之環境識覺與地方認同研究。台北市教育大學歷史與地理學系社會科教學碩士論文。
  2. 5.李玉芬(2007)。運動設施與城市在發展之關係研究-以2009高雄世運會運動設施規劃為例。國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 10.吳長生、連佳儀(2011)。體驗行銷對品牌權益之影響:產品涉入的干擾效果。創新與管理,8(1),1-23。
  4. 11.林隆儀(2011年3月2日)。品牌定位的4 種戰術思考。工商時報,D4 版。
  5. 12.沈進成、廖若岑與周君妍(2004 )。休閒體驗模組及遊客意象關係之研究-以華山咖啡為例。台北:真理大學,「真理觀光學報」。
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