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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 222 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顧長永,2015。《緬甸-軍事獨裁五十年》。新加坡:世界科技出版公司。
  2. 王文岳、楊昊,2013/6。〈全球化下的災害治理:以東日本大地震國際救災協力為例〉,《問題與研究》,第52卷第2期,頁145-180。
  3. 林德昌,2006/10。〈中國大陸國家與社會關係的演變模式:一項理論上的探索〉,《遠景季刊》,第7卷第4期,頁1-41。
  4. 林德昌,2010。〈全球公民社會對國際非政府組織在中國大陸發展的影響〉,《東吳政治學報》,第28卷第4期,頁93-146。
  5. 辛翠玲,2012/9。〈跨國公民政治研究與理論發展之反思〉,《問題與研究》,第51卷第3期,頁1-22。
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