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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 446 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張亞中、李英明,2000。《中國與兩岸關係槪論》。台北:生智出版。
  2. 布魯斯・薄科維茨(Bruce Berkowitz)著,李育慈譯,2003。《戰爭新風貌:廿一世紀作戰方式》(The new force of war: How War Will be Fought in the 21st century)。台北:國防部史政編譯室。
  3. 甘迺迪(Kennedy, Paul)著,張春柏譯,1995。《霸權興衰史:1500至2000年的經濟變遷與軍事衝突》。臺北市:五南。
  4. 艾文/海蒂托佛勒(Alvin and Heidi Toffler),傅凌譯,1994。《新戰爭論》 (War and Anti-War Survival at the Dawn of the 21st Century)。台北:時報文化。
  5. 約翰.阿爾吉拉(John Arquilla)、大衛.朗斐德(David Ronfeldt),楊永生譯,2003。《網路及網路戰》(Networks and. Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, And Militancy)。台北:國防部史政編譯室。
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