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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 277 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Ruth von Braunschweig、溫佑君(2003)。精油圖鑑。台北市:商周。
  2. 7. 王文佩(2014)。運用芳香按摩改善內外科病房護理人員焦慮及睡眠品質之 成效。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。
  3. 8. 王立敏、郭俊成、廖文昌、張巧筠、詹錦豐(2010)。芳香製品中鄰苯二甲酸酯類的分析及其對人類角質細胞的毒性研究。弘光學報,58(3),70-80。
  4. 15. 行政院衛生署「化妝品衛生管理條例」第十二章之「精油產品分類原則」。
  5. 19. 吳佳玲、謝盛發(2009)。芳香精油香氣體驗情感意象之研究。台南科技大學通識教育學刊,8,273-295。
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