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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江東亮, 文羽苹, & 謝嘉容. (2014). 全民健康保險制度的發展與問題. [Progress and Problems of Taiwan''s National Health Insurance]. 臺灣醫學, 18(1), 33-42.
  2. 江謝敏志. (2012). 台灣軟體開發專案影響因素與Scrum關係之研究. 淡江大學. Available from Airiti AiritiLibrary database. (2012年)
  3. 吳秀玲. (2014). 臺灣醫療爭議之省思與對策. [A Review and Possible Solution on Medical Care Problems in Taiwan]. 社科法政論叢(2), 1-38.
  4. 李有仁, 鄭江宇, 嚴秀茹, & 林旭峰. (2009). 雙人編程環境下人格特質與編程績效關係之研究. [The Relationship between Personality Trait and Programming Performance under Pair: Programming Environment]. 資訊管理學報, 16(3), 143-170.
  5. 洪雅鈴. (2013). 以專案團隊及業主觀點探討資訊專案失敗因子. 交通大學. Available from Airiti Library database. (2013年)
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