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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 230 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柏婉貞,2009。〈國際資本流動,金融發展與經濟成長:亞洲國家之驗證〉,《亞太經濟管理評論》,第13卷,第1期,頁39-52。
  2. 莊奕琦、李鈞元,2003。〈如何衡量人力資本:理論與台灣實證〉,《經濟論文叢刊 》,第31卷,第1期,頁51-85。
  3. 陳欣遠,2013。《歐元區經濟安全與建制之研究》。新北市:淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士論文。
  4. 譚瑾瑜,2013。《各類型區域貿易協定(RTAs)對外人直接投資淨流入(FDI)影響之研究》。桃園:國立中央大學經濟學研究所博士論文。
  5. Becker, Gary., 1964. Human Capital, National Bureau of Economic Research. New York.
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