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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王憶萍(2011)。風險溝通與審議式民主的連結─以[核廢何從電視公民討論會]為例。政治大學公共行政學系碩士論文。
  2. 何嘉仁(2012)。計畫行為理論探討自行車參與者行為意圖之研究。臺東大學體育學報,第17期,23-38頁。
  3. 吳宜蓁(2004)。SARS風暴的危機溝通與現階段宣導策略檢視:以臺灣政府為例。遠景基金會季刊,第5期,第4卷,107-150頁。
  4. 吳美麗、邱雅莉、馬淑貞和連麗玲(2009)。環保模範社區環境教育需求及自然資源現況暨其成功要素之探討。環境教育研究,第6期,第1卷,41-83頁。
  5. 吳鈴筑和王鴻濬(2012)。環境教育設施場所認證之實務分析。鄉村旅遊研究,第6期,第1卷,1-13頁。
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