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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王伶伶(2012)。參加社團對高中生學習成就的影響(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北大學,臺北市。
  2. 王萬清(1988)。醒來吧!社團活動。師友月刊,10,12-13。
  3. 林季燕、馮家榆(2008)。以自我決定理論預測大專體育課學生動機、興趣及努力之研究。臺中教育大學體育學系系刊,3,1-8。
  4. 林秀蓉(2014)。高中生社團參與經驗與課業壓力因應關係之研究—以北一女中樂儀旗隊為例(未出版碩士論文)。淡江大學,新北市。
  5. 徐維辰、邱文信(2008)。社會支持-父母教養方式對子女體育態度之影響。中華體育季刊,22,50-56。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃雯君(2017)。高雄市國小高年級學童知覺父母教養行為、自我感知與同儕互動關係之關聯性研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-118。
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