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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 244 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.中關村科技園區管理委員會,2014。《中關村國家自主創新示範區年鑑》。北京:人民出版社。
  2. 14.吳瑟致,2014。《政府角色與區域發展:長江三角洲地區治理競合模式之研究》。台北:致知學術出版社。
  3. 5. 林松甫,2012。《是誰驅動中關村的發展?全球化下的科技園區與城市發展》。台北:國立政治大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  4. 8.陳明顯,2009。《創新群聚地區治理的政治分析:矽谷、竹科與中關村個案研究》。台北:國立台灣大學政治學研究所博士論文。
  5. 30.林可凡、胡太山、解鴻年、賈秉靜,2012。〈地方產業群聚之演化-以新竹地區為例〉,《建築與規劃學報》,第13卷第1期,頁45-74。
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