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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 210 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁方,2007/6。〈公民社會與民主政治的相互建構:日本與台灣近年組織性公民社會發展之比較〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,第4卷第2期,頁1-31。
  2. 吳明上,2008/9。〈日本政治過程的主導者:官僚、政黨及政治人物之間的競爭或合作?〉,《問題與研究》,第47卷第3期,頁51-73。
  3. 林淑馨,2005/6。〈非營利組織與政府夥伴關係之析探:以日本為例〉,《公共事務評論》,第6卷第1期,頁25-49。
  4. 黃源協,2001/12。〈臺灣社區照顧的實施與衝擊:福利多元主義的觀點〉,《臺大社會工作學刊》,第5期,頁53-101。
  5. 龔翔生,2014/7。〈國內政經聯盟對日本經濟外交政策之影響—以對中國大陸有償借貸為例〉,《東亞研究》,第45卷第2期,頁69-121。
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