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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳樺 (2011),公私部門正式員工與臨時人員對工作滿意度之探討(未發表碩士論文),國立臺北大學社會學系,台北市。
  2. 洪千閔 鄭敬齡(2005),行政機關建立學習型組織之探討。網路社會學通訊期刊第四十九期 2005/10/15 南華大學社會學研究所 嘉義縣。
  3. 蘇偉業、林雪湘(2007),以人力派遣制度取代政府約聘僱人力的可行性研究:以高雄市為例,公共事務評論,第8卷,第2期,67-95。
  4. 蕭欣瑋 (2014),我國公部門委任官等職務由約僱及臨時人員代替之可行性(未發表碩士論文),國立臺灣大學社會科學政治學系,台北市。 
  5. Yin, R. K. (2003b). Case study research: Design and methods [3rd ed.]. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
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