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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 255 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 34. 塞繆爾•P•亨廷頓著,周琪、張立平等譯,1998。《文明衝突與世界秩序的重建》,新華出版社。
  2. 40. 鍾京佑,2003。〈全球治理與公民社會:台灣非政府組織參與國際社會的觀點〉,《政治科學論叢》,18期,頁23-52。
  3. 3. 王信賢,2010/6。〈當代中國「國家-社會」關係的變與常-以環保組織的發展為例〉,《政治學報》,第49期,頁69。
  4. 13. 朱蓓蕾,2007/7。〈中國大陸的制度轉型與社會變遷面臨之問題〉,《遠景季刊第一卷》,第三期,頁80-81。
  5. 14. 朱蓓蕾,2000。〈中國大陸的制度轉型與社會變遷面臨之問題〉,《遠景季刊》,第1卷第3期,頁86-110。
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