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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 429 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4王克穩,1988。《經濟行政法專題研究》。臺北:元照出版有限公司。
  2. 24.李惠宗,2005。《行政法要義》。臺北:元照出版有限公司。
  3. 34.邵宗海、蘇厚宇,2007。《具有中國特色的中共決策機制中共中央領導小組》。臺北:偉柏文化出版社。
  4. 49.洪文玲,2006。《當事人協力義務/行政調查國家賠償》。臺北:元照出版有限公司。
  5. 56.翁岳生,2009。《法治國家之行政法與司法》。臺北:元照出版有限公司。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉珮君(2010)。我國戶政與戶籍檔案之典藏管理-以北市及新北市為例。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所學位論文。2010。1-149。
  2. 江淑婷(2015)。兩岸地區人民身分地位之研究:以戶籍制度為中心。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2015。1-138。
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