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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 呂青樺、沈中華(2010年)。外資銀行、城市銀行與中國的城市經濟成長。遠景基金會季刊,11 (2),43-97。
  2. 2. 沈中華、林昌平(2009年)。金融發展對經濟成長的影響-動態追蹤資料門檻模型。經濟研究,45 (2),143-188。
  3. 3. 李建強(2006年)。金融發展、經濟成長與通貨膨脹的門檻效果。中央研究院經濟研究所,36 (2),77-113。
  4. 4. 李建強、洪福聲、黃柏農(2005年)。金融發展與經濟成長的關係會消失嗎?-門檻迴歸之應用。經濟研究,41 (1),45-74。
  5. 8. 張淑華、蔡國柱、黃亮洲(2008)。印度金融發展與經濟成長之實證研究。法制論叢,41,149-176。
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