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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 315 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王文杰,2008。《嬗變中之中國法制 (第2版) 》新竹:國立交通大學出版社。
  2. 2. 吳梓榕,2009。《一般偵查措施的合憲控制─從偵查程序之自由形成原則出發》臺北:國立政治大學法律學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 6. 林俊峰,2008。《中國檢察體系之發展與變革-以刑事法律監督為中心》新竹:國立交通大學管理學院碩士在職專班科技法律組碩士論文。
  4. 9. 洪志明,2005。《海峽兩岸刑事司法互助之探討》臺北:國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。頁91-92。
  5. 12. 梁友文,2007。《兩岸檢察制度之變革與比較研究(1949─2006)》臺中:中興大學國際政治研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林民凱(2017)。兩岸土地徵收制度之研究。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2017。1-271。
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