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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.李志宏、林建甫、黃國鐘、吳孟道,2000,「國外控股公司經營管理策略之研究」財政部國庫署委託財團法人國家政策研究基金會研究報告。
  2. 6.李宗榮、施奕任,2004,「發展型網絡演變路徑的差異:比較台灣與新加坡的公,私部門間企業網絡的變遷」,問題與研究季刊,第48卷第4期,第35~69頁。
  3. 7.吳鯤魯,2004,「小國的國家自主性與金融開放:新加坡金融中心的形成與演變」,東南亞學刊,第1期第1卷,第45~78頁。
  4. 12.林宣君、林詠喬,2007,「淺述主權財富基金」,證交資料,第548期,第58-69頁。
  5. 13.吳學良,潘偉華,2007,「公股事業採委託經營模式管理之規劃研究」,行政院經濟建設委員會委託財團法人成大研究發展基金會研究報告
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