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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山,「我國高等教育革新的重要課題與未來發展之分析」,長庚人文社會學報,民國一百年,第四卷第二期,頁241-280。
  2. 莊鎮嶽,「財務比率建立財務危機預警模型之實證研究-合併財務報表與母公司財務報表之比較」,國立台灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文,民國九十四年。
  3. Copeland, T., T. Koller, J. Murrin, 2000. Valuation: Measuring and Managing the Value of Companies. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley.
  4. Fernandez, P., 2007. “A More Realistic Valuation: APV and WACC with constant book leverage ratio,” Journal of Applied Finance, Fall/Winter, Vol.17 No 2, 13-20.
  5. Fernández, P., 2007. Company valuation methods. The most common errors in valuation. Navarra: IESE Business School – University of Navarra.
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