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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Acker, Joan (1990). “Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A theory of gender organizations.” Gender & society, 4:135-158.
  2. 6. Syed, Jawad and Özbilgin, Mustafa (2009). “A Relational Framework for International Transfer of Diversity Management Practices.” International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20(12), 2435-2453.
  3. 10. 王叢桂(1999)。〈工作者性別角色信念、家庭及工作承諾與工作價值的關係〉,《本土心理學研究》,第11期,頁59-89。
  4. 21. 林秀娟(2013)。〈重視女醫師之生涯職涯發展〉,《醫療品質雜誌》,第7卷第2期,頁81-84。
  5. 24. 徐宗國(1993)。〈女人與男人的工作與家庭─攸關時間〉,《婦女與兩性學刊》,第4卷,頁175-206。
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