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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.田逸星(2002),「台灣中藥製造業經營策略之探討」,碩士論文,國立成功大學工業管理科學研究所。
  2. 3.朱吉韋(2010),「運用 ANP 模式探討消費者選購運動器材考量因素之研究」,碩立論文,開南大學企業與創業管理學系。
  3. 4.李雅憫(2012),「結合 AHP 與 DEMATEL 來評估基層員工之績效」,碩士論文,國立虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所。
  4. 5.吳則雄(2007),「台灣餐飲業顧客互動、服務品質信任與顧客忠誠度關係之研究-以中南部國際觀光旅館餐廳為例」,碩士論文,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班。
  5. 7.林子雲(2008),「運用品質機能展開結合分析網路程序法於新產品開發」,碩士論文,國立虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所。
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