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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9.蔡雅寧(2009),結合AHP與DEMATEL探討供應商評選準則之優先次序與因果關係-以汽車零配件產業為例,國立彰化師範大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 13.謝玲芬、王麗幸(2005),知識管理資訊系統評估模式之建構,中華管理學報(電子商務專刊),頁23-34。
  3. 14.劉明德(2004),顧客滿意與營運績效之連結,企業管理學報,61,頁73-98。
  4. 17.Evans, H., Ashworth, G., Gooch, G., & Davies﹐R.(1996). “Who needs performance management”﹐ Management Accounting (CIMA), 74 (11), pp. 20-25.
  5. 21.Hori, S. and Shimizu, Y. (1999). “Designing Methods of Human Interface for Supervisory Control Systems”, Control Engineering Practice, 7(11), pp. 1413-1419.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美棱(2015)。結合DEMATEL與AHP探討疏濬工程決策評估因素之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-126。 
  2. 許國豐(2013)。運用AHP、ISM、DEMATEL及TOPSIS法於自動化設備評選之研究。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-91。
  3. 許文齡(2013)。提升顧客服務品質準則之分析與探討—以餐飲業為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-76。
  4. 徐忠生(2014)。物流運輸業導入全球定位車隊管理系統之關鍵因素-以P公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-97。
  5. 黃黛玲(2016)。心理契約中影響員工留任之關鍵因素-以藍寶石基板製造業研發人員為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-142。
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