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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 白佩玉(2013),退貨與回購策略下供應鏈協調之研究,元智大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10. 李揚(2015),國營企業經營績效分析-以台灣菸酒公司為例,管理與系統 22卷2期,頁229-248。
  3. 13. 柯玉姿(2014),運用PZB模式探討銀行之服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度-以雲林某銀行為例,國立虎尾科技大學碩士論文。
  4. 15. 翁筱蕙(2015),醫療物流中心服務品質與滿意度之研究-以中部某醫學中心體系為例,國立虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班碩士班碩士論文。
  5. 18. 許英傑(2014),物通管理,第二版,前程文化事業股份有限公司,台北。
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