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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 李奇霖(2013),粒子群優化演算法應用於感測器最佳化配置問題,國立交通大學土木工程系,碩士論文。
  2. [4] 李浩均(2016),應用人工智慧演算法於人數限制及固定參觀時間之博物館路徑問題,國立虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班,碩士論文。
  3. [5] 李維平、黃郁授與戴彰延(2007),「自適應性權重改良粒子群演算法之研究」,中原大學資訊管理所,資訊科學應用期刊,4卷,1期,頁123-142。
  4. [9] 林家銘(2010),應用田口方法最佳化可撓式顯示器之光學白度特性,國立清華大學,工業工程與工程管理學系碩士在職專班,碩士論文。
  5. [10] 林益州、蘇雄義(1998),「物流中心供應商進貨配送排程問題求解模式與方法之實證研究」,東吳經濟商學學報,第62期,頁69-96。
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