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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 陳令錫,2011,”光線量測與植物生長”,台中區改良場特刊第111號台中區改良場100年專題討論專輯 ;頁64-70
  2. [3] 黃怡嘉、張育森,2009,” 溫度、光強度及水楊酸對火鶴花光合作用與生育品質之影響”, 臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文
  3. [5] 陳水心、楊藹華、鄭安秀、陳文雄,2007”台灣蘆筍品種與栽培技術”,台南區農業改良場技術專刊192號 ;頁1-18
  4. [1] 林安秋、洪立,1978,”蘆筍之光合作用研究”,國立臺灣大學農學院研究報告 ; 18:1 ; 民67.04; 頁88-95
  5. [4] 洪立,1993,”蘆筍的產業與研究”,台灣蔬菜產業演進四十年專集 ;頁65-77
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