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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Sengul, M., Yildiz, H., Gungor, N., Cetin, B., Eser, Z., and Ercisli, S., 2009, "Total phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of some medicinal plants", Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(1), pp. 102-106.
  2. [2] Parekh, J., and Chanda, S., 2007, "Antibacterial and phytochemical studies on twelve species of Indian medicinal plants", African Journal of Biomedical Research, 10, pp. 175-181.
  3. [3] Baydar, N. G., Ozkan, G., and Yaşar, S., 2007, "Evaluation of the antiradical and antioxidant potential of grape extracts", Food Control, 18(9), pp. 1131-1136.
  4. [4] Doughari, J. H., EI-mahmood A. M., and Tyoyina I. 2008, "Antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts of Senna obtusifolia (L)", African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2(1), pp. 7-13.
  5. [6] Gulcin, İ., Berashvili, D., and Gepdiremen, A., 2005, "Antiradical and antioxidant activity of total anthocyanins from Perilla pankinensis decne", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 101(1-3), pp. 287-293.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李國豪(2016)。白千層成分分析及抗氧化活性之探討。虎尾科技大學生物科技系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-76。
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