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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 李宛凌,2008,台灣咖啡產業的歷史考察,國立臺北教育大學,碩士論文。
  2. 12. 陳科后,2011,修枝對台灣阿拉比卡種咖啡樹之農藝性狀影響,國立臺灣大學,碩士論文。
  3. 16. 葉協隆,2009,兩岸海運直航貨櫃港口選擇之研究,國立交通大學,碩士論文。
  4. 18. 詹豐銘,2007,生咖啡豆在不同烘焙條件下焙炒後所調製咖啡之成分分析,國立臺灣大學,碩士論文。
  5. 21. 蔡明諺,2013,應用良導絡經絡能量分析咖啡飲用後自律神經系統之即時反應,中國醫藥大學,碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張珉嫻(2010)。2008年北京奧運中華台北選手禁藥認知調查。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2010。1-98。
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