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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.正新橡膠工業股份有限公司,網址:。
  2. 4.江莞兒、鄭英傑 (2010),「以KANO二維品質模式探討臺灣高鐵之服務品質」,輔仁民生學誌,16卷,2期,頁81-94。
  3. 6.吳嘉蕙、李友錚、張志青 (2012),「應用IPA模式檢視銀行服務品質」,中華運動休閒與創新研發管理學刊,1卷,1期,頁56-65。
  4. 7.呂亦筑、陳錫琦、王榮祖、王榮昌 (2014),「探討船舶與海運人員靈性對於兩岸貨資的重要性」,船舶科技,44期,頁35-50。
  5. 12.周萍芬 (2014),「機場流感預防服務之研究」,危機管理學刊,11卷,1期,頁23-32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃美芳(2012)。十八世紀魯西南平原糧食市場整合研究---以小麥價格為中心。成功大學歷史學系學位論文。2012。1-138。 
  2. 張馭中(2011)。1949年以前的費孝通:一段學術史與思想史的考察。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2011。1-145。
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