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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 賴士葆 (1990),「科技策略與新產品發展績效相關之研究」,科技管理論文集,大業文教基金會,台北。
  2. 6. Abdel-Malek, L., Das, S.K. and Wolf, C. (2000). “Design and implementation of flexible manufacturing solutions in agile enterprises”, International Journal of Agile Management Systems Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 187–195.
  3. 7. Ali, A. (1994). “Pioneering versus incremental innovation: Review and research propositions”, Journal of Product Innovation Management, vol. 11, pp. 46-61.
  4. 8. Bacon, G., S. Beckman, D. Mowery and E. Wilson (1994). “Managing product definition in high-technology industries: a pilot study”, California Management Review, Vol. 36, pp. 32-56.
  5. 9. Barad, M. and S.Y. Nof (1997). “CIM flexibility measures: A review and framework for analysis and applicability assessment”, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 10, No. 1–4, pp. 296–308.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭瑞信(2014)。在環境不確定性下供應鏈彈性策略之選擇。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-94。 
  2. 麥鈞凱(2013)。在不確定因素下使用模糊理論衡量並建構供應鏈存貨系統。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。
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