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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 毛立青,2003,協同商務之研究─以TFT-LCD 產業為例,元智大學資訊管理學系,碩士論文。
  2. 8. 徐世明,2004,協同設計模式之研究:以國防工業供應鏈體系為例,中原大學工業工程學系碩士學位,碩士論文。
  3. 16. 陳嶢睜,2003,應用Web Services 與 XBRL於企業財務報告資訊之系統模型研究,中原大學會計學系碩士學位,碩士論文。
  4. 23. 關銘,2005,以OWL DL 及SWRL 為基礎建置推論雛形系統-以大學排課問題為例,中原大學資訊管理學系碩士班,碩士論文。
  5. 25. Aaby, N.E., Discenza, R., 1995, “Strategic marketing and new product development”, Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 13, No. 9, pp30-35。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭豐銓(2010)。以可拓方法與知識庫為基礎之模組化產品設計。虎尾科技大學自動化工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-101。
  2. 豐平(2012)。以可拓知識為基礎之模組產品快速設計。虎尾科技大學自動化工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-90。
  3. 郭權賢(2014)。以資料採礦技術為基礎之產品快速創新設計。虎尾科技大學自動化工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-78。
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