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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 台灣農業發展之展望(無日期)。台北市:行政院農委會。
  2. [4] 台灣農業發展概述(無日期)。台北市:行政院農委會。
  3. [18] 高義芳、沈怡臻(2009)。社會企業創業家其人格特質、創業動機、個人能力與關係網絡之研究:以個案為例,創業管理研究,4,29-55。
  4. [19] 張明仁(2009)。現今臺灣農業困境及因應之道,臺灣經濟研究月刊,32,97-102。
  5. [23] 陳家聲、吳奕慧(2007)。華人創業家心理與行為特質之初探,創業管理研究,2(1),1-30。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周燕輝(2015)。農企業之敘說探究:以關廟綠竹筍郭忠為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-75。 
  2. 林芷筠(2017)。妹仔如何歸來?美濃女兒的返鄉流動與地方重塑。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2017。1-139。 
  3. 張育賢(2016)。青年返鄉從農及繼續留農關鍵因素之研究-以南投縣為例。中興大學農業企業經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-107。
  4. 陳芃綺(2016)。農村青年正向心理特質、社區參與程度與生活滿意度關係之研究。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-144。
  5. 呂嘉耆(2016)。主題餐廳經營思維之敘說探究─以「體驗」觀點探討。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士班學位論文。2016。1-96。
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