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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝4﹞李永聖(2002) 南區國稅局稽徵人員對激勵制度之知覺及其與工作滿足、離職傾向關係之研究。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班碩士論文。
  2. ﹝5﹞李麗美(2011) 大學圖書館志工參與動機與工作滿意之研究。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文。
  3. ﹝7﹞ 林秀英(2003)婦女參與志願服務動機與工作滿足之研究-以花蓮地區祥和計畫志工為例。台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文。
  4. ﹝8﹞邱麗如(2010)志工工作價值觀、工作滿意與工作壓力對持續服務意願影響之研究—以高雄縣國小為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. ﹝12. 陳安川(2007) 社教志工人員參與志工教育訓練動機與工作投入之研究-以國立台東活美學館所屬社教站為例。國立臺東大學教育學系(所)碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林冠宏(2015)。遊客對藝術型社區之遊憩體驗與滿意度關係研究-以雲林縣虎尾鎮頂溪社區為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-83。 
  2. 李忠孝(2016)。彰化縣秀水鄉旗艦計畫之社區能力與執行成效探討。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-101。
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