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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7] 王素彎,2011,“台灣的微型創業與創業輔導政策”,經濟前瞻,頁29~33。
  2. [10] 利尚仁,2011,“理解創業者的意義編造歷程:敘說探究法”,創業管理研究,第6卷,第4期,頁61~82,12月。
  3. [11] 吳壽進等,2014,“職場小確幸之探討與實證研究”,致理學報人文與生活應用特刊,頁1051~1080。
  4. [12] 林家五、黃國隆、鄭伯壎,2004,“從認同到開創:創業家的動態釋意歷程”,中山管理評論,第十二卷,第二期,頁337~397,6月。
  5. [13] 高明瑞、蔡敦浩、林慧音,2012,“社會創業者的育成與實踐:敘說探究之觀點”,創業管理研究月刊,第7卷,第1期,頁55~82。
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