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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. TEAM Board(2014)。互動未來校園~台南縣關廟鄉的深坑國小。取自
  2. 王喻平、戴有德、張曉平(2008)。〈訓練動機因素對訓練移轉影響研究─以國際觀光旅館為例〉,《人力資源管理學報》,8:1,頁:47-74。
  3. 余蕙芬(2011)。運用互動式電子白板對於提升國小學生課堂投入行為與英語學習態度之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 余采瑄(2011)。〈成人學習動機與學習成效關係之研究:以高級中等進修學校第二專長教育班為例〉,暨南國際成人與繼續教育學系碩士論文。
  5. 教育部(2008)。教育部中小學資訊教育白皮書。台北市:教育部。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭少菁(2016)。多媒體教學方式對英語學習成效之影響- 電子教科書優使性之探討。臺中科技大學多媒體設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-95。
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