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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]. Z. Qi and A. Kaufman, “Activation of low temperature PEM fuel cells”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 111, pp.181-184, 2002
  2. [2]. Z. Qi and A. Kaufman, “Quick and Effective activation of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 114, pp.21-31, 2003
  3. [3]. Zhiqiang Xu, and Zhigang Qi “Combined activation methods for proton-exchange membrane fuel cells”
  4. [4]. F. Barbir, H. Gorgun, X. Wang, “Relationship betweenpressure drop and cell resistance as a diagnostic tool for PEM fuel cells”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 141, pp.96-101, 2005
  5. [5]. D. Chu and R. Jiang, “Comparative studies of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stack and single cell”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 80, pp.226-234, 1999
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴彥妏(2014)。營建法規對高層建築發展之影響-以台南市東區為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2014。1-92。 
  2. 李佳霖(2011)。台灣都市設計執行機制之研究-以四大都市為例。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2011。1-123。 
  3. 鄧博文(2007)。都市設計遠景與機制的演變–以台南市海安路的危機或轉機為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2007。1-139。
  4. 吳星憲(2008)。從土地使用管制角度探討特定區施行機制。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2008。1-162。
  5. 譚安君(2008)。反映都市空間結構的人行空間系統規劃與規範之研究-以鳳山市為例。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2008。1-269。
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