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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]張芳全,2007,“新移民女性之教育需求與策略”,新移民及其子女教育與輔導政策學術研討會,國立臺北教育大學,2007年11月。
  2. [18]孔慧鈴,2010,“新竹縣某國小新住民子女與本國籍子女學習態度與學業成就之比較”,社會學系研究所碩士論文。
  3. [26]蕭慧君,2007,“新移民家庭子女語言使用情形與認知能力之調查研究”,淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班碩士論文。
  4. [31]林秀蓉,2011,“新移民子女族群認同與生活適應之相關研究 ─ 以臺北市國小五、六年級學生為例”,暨南大學東南亞研究所碩士論文。
  5. [43]Freeman,J.A.and D.M.Skapura,1992,Neural Networks Algorithms, Applications, and Programming Techniques, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, New York.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡妤(2016)。新北市國民中學新住民子女生活適應與學習成效之關係研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-129。
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