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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 吳威霖,2008,”以知識螺旋理論探討e-learning學習風格對學習成效的影響”,淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士班碩士論文。
  2. [6] 林凌仲,徐村和,2006,”以模糊偏好關係建立零售業服務創新評估模式”,管理學報,24卷,5期,頁505-524。
  3. [7] 邵瑜珮,2009,”從服務創新、服務品質與組織績效三面向探討台灣醫療產業之未來規劃”,國立臺灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
  4. [8] 林穎謙,2010,”情境故事法對跨領域合作設計的影響-以使用者導向創新設計課程為例”,國立台灣科技大學設計研究所碩士論文。
  5. [9] 洪珮瑜,2009,”IDEO 圖卡應用於設計概念發想之研究”,國立臺北教育大學數位科技設計學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳文萱(2015)。以洗腎病人為中心的服務設計。清華大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-83。 
  2. 宋佩芸(2014)。商業模式創新-以傳統市場導入驗證農產品為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-96。
  3. 張亞純(2015)。以設計思考模式回應青年族群觀賞客家電視台的需求分析。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-159。
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