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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] Y. Shen et al., ”Influences of oxygen partial pressure on structure and related properties of ZrO2 thin films prepared by electron beam evaporation deposition, ” Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 254, Issue 2, pp. 552-556, 2007.
  2. [6] H. K. Pulker, G.Paesold and E. Ritter, ”Refractive indices of TiO2 films produced by reactive evaporation of various titanium-oxygen phases,” Appl. Opt. Vol. 15, No. 12, pp.2986-2991, 1976.
  3. [7] J. S. Chen et al., “Substrate-dependent optical absorption characteristics of titanium dioxide thin films,” Appl. Opt., vol. 36, No. 19, pp.4403-4408, 1997.
  4. [8] H.W. Lehmann and K. Frick, ”Optimizing deposition parameters of electron beam evaporated TiO2 films,” Appl. Opt., Vol. 27, No. 23, pp.4920-4924, 1988.
  5. [10] D. Mardare, ” Optical constants of heat-treated TiO2 thin films,” Mater. Sci. and Eng. B95 pp. 83-87, 2002.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周佩蓉(2013)。區分性特徵訓練對國小聽覺障礙學生國語塞擦音語音清晰度之成效。高雄師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  2. 江裕群(2002)。口腔防震式超音波觀測成人中文聲母音標發音之結果。臺北醫學大學醫學科學研究所學位論文。2002。1-81。
  3. 黃君宜(2006)。直接教學模式對國中聽覺障礙學生英語科學習之成效研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-211。
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