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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱名之 (2009)。桃園縣國民小學教師人格特質、情緒智力、工作壓力、壓力因應方式關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所,桃園縣。
  2. 吳宗立、林保豊(2003)國民小學教師工作壓力與組織承諾關係之研究,教學報,15,193-230。
  3. 吳美華 (2010)。屏東縣減班之國民小學學校組織氣氛與教師工作壓力關係之研究。國立屏東教育大學社會發展學系,屏東縣。
  4. 吳晨妤 (2006)。台北縣國小教師工作壓力與工作滿意之研究。臺北市立教育大學社會科教育研究所,臺北市。
  5. 呂美玲 (2008)。台北市立國民中學教師工作壓力與情緒管理關係之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳蕙如(2016)。國小教師工作壓力、休閒活動參與及教學效能之相關研究:以雲林縣為例。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-103。
  2. 蔡美華(2017)。幼教師休閒參與及幸福感之相關研究-以高雄市為例。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-83。
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